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Retrieved 7 July The late Sunni theologian Mawdudi founder of Jamaat-E-Islami wrote that the establishment of the caliphate as essentially a monarchy began with the caliphate of Muawiyah I. Despite his endeavours in the expansion of the caliphate and the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty, the persona of Caliph Muawiyah I evokes a controversial figure in standard Islamic history whose legacy has never quite been able to shed the taint of his opposition to the Rashidun Caliph, Ali ibn Abi Talib.
University of Pennsylvania Press. Muawiyah’s mother Hind also took part in the battle. He was the most artful of men, more crafty than a thief.
Because of Muawiyah’s families previous opposition to the Muslims, before they converted to Islam, there was still some level of resentment towards him. Some of the classical literature by eminent Sunni Islamic figures in the Abbasid period records:. Muawiyah I Umayyad Dynasty Born: In short, he proved to be a balanced and model ruler.
Archived March 24,at the Wayback Machine. The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’an.
The Caliphate of Mu’awiyah A. This practice lasted for 65 years and mkawiya ended by Umayyad caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz. Muawiyah was one of the first to be sent into Syria.
Philip Khuri Hitti Tarikh Ibne Katheer Vol. Muawiyah killed several historical figures, including the Sahabah, Amr bin al-Hamiq, Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr,  Malik al-Ashtar Hujr ibn Adi  to which the families of Abu Bakr and Umar condemned Muawiyah for,  and the Sahaba deemed his killer to be cursed  and Abd al-Rahman bin Hasaan buried alive for his support of Ali.
In the Battle of Siffin over 70, people among them many of the last surviving companions of Muhammad were killed. It must be said, however, that the rise of Mu’awiyah came partly through his family connections to the Umayyad tribe. He also paid a lot of attention to the economy and agriculture;  this allowed him to finance his expeditions.
Muhammad bin Uqbah said that when death approached, Muawiyah said, “I wish I were an ordinary man from the Quraish living in Dhu Tuwa and that I had never been invested with authority as caliph” . Ibn Kathir wrote in his book Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah that “in the year 56 AH Muawiyah called on the people including those within the outlying territories to pledge allegiance to his son, Yazeed, to be his heir to the Caliphate after him.
InMuawiya’s army attacked the army of Ali at the Battle of Siffin. Harvard University Press; 6 October Ali was asking Muawiyah for respite until he had established himself and then he would hand them over. Antioch, raid on Khorasan; raid on al-Ghur and Farawanda. Muawiya used to bring water to Muhammad, and it was in the course of that service that he received the shirt in which he was buried.
Hazrat Sayyiduna Ameer Muawiya
I am well aware of whatever is there in your hearts regarding this matter but still I have taken it from you on the basis of my sword… Now if you see that I muwwiya not fulfilling your rights, then you should be happy with me with whatever is there. A History of Islamic Societies.
The locals mistrust of their governor ran particularly deep. Women, Islam, and Abbasid Identity.
Muawiyah I – Wikipedia
He led them in their prayers and directed them in their gatherings. Muaawiya the appearance of Islam, Abu Sufyan was counted among the rich men of Arab and he was one of the major enemies of Islam. He allowed everyone to live as they wanted. Extend to him a free hand [literally, a long rope ], and let him roam the earth as he pleases. Ubaydullah conquers Ramithan and Baykland in Bukhara.
Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. Ali’s caliphate lasted for around 4 years.
Muawiyah was crowned as caliph at a ceremony in Jerusalem in This they all agreed upon and he himself would affirm this to whomever asked him. The Bayt al-mal ran for hundreds of years under the Rashidun caliphate in the 7th century and continued through the Umayyad period and well into aemer Abbasid era. Rahman Page Following Hasan ibn Ali’s abdication of the caliphate, all the Muslims including the Sahabah and Tabi’een gave their pledge of allegiance to Muawiyah I, bringing an end to civil war.
The war of Qaisariah, one of the wars against the Romans, which was fought in his leadership. Az-Zuhri stated that Muawiya led the Hajj Pilgrimage with the people twice during his era as caliph. Further west, the Umayyads were keenly aware of Sicily ‘s strategic importance and Muawiys was the first caliph to begin raiding the island in Al-Tabri was a huge collection including all the text that he could find, from all the sources.
Muslim conquest of Egypt. Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah.